Music Therapy For Stress Management
“‘Music Therapy’ really exists? Is it really possible to take therapy with music? What is this ‘Music Therapy’?” many people have expressed it in this way when they heard about it. And yes ‘Music Therapy’ exists. It seems a very less known method but a very effective one.
In the world, not a single person exists who doesn’t love music. Whenever we listen to our favorite music we feel happy or we can say our mood improves. ‘Music Therapy’ does the same thing with patients.
What is ‘Music Therapy’?
Music therapy is a type of art therapy where we use music to treat our physical, psychological, and social problems. According to a client’s needs, a music therapist prepares for his/her session.
A music therapist has many degrees in music, psychology, and science. If someone is depressed then a music therapist prepares his/her session with some type of music that can lift the client's mood. Eventually, when a stressed person is taking music therapy then the music therapist tries to prepare her therapy with some relaxing music.
Music therapy not only includes listening to songs but also includes writing, singing, analyzing, and understanding a song or music.
History Of music Therapy:-
From the earliest reference, ‘Music Therapy’ was started at the end of the 1700s. In the year 1789, an article on how music affects health was published in ‘Columbian Magazine’. Later in 1800, more articles and research papers were published on the therapeutic value of music and the medical impact on music. The first article was published in 1804 by Edwin Atlee and the second article was published in 1806 by Samuel Mathew.
But it became more famous in the middle of the 19th century. First time in 1944 Michigan State University included music therapy as a part of their curriculum. Later, in 1950 the major professional music therapy association which is the ‘National Association of Music Therapy’ (NAMT) was opened. Finally, in 1998 ‘American Music Therapy Association’ (AMTA) was established. The main aim of AMTA was to spread awareness about ‘Music Therapy’ and offer related courses to make people educated about this topic.
How ‘Music Therapy’ Works?
Taking therapy from your music therapist and taking counseling from your psychologist is kind of the same thing but their method of treatment is different. Generally, the time for a music therapy session ranges between 30 minutes to 1 hour. Sometimes it may take longer than 1 hour. You can take the session on a ‘once a week method’ or ‘as-needed basis.
The session for music therapy can be conducted in a clinic or a private place or in a music practice room that totally depends on the therapist. Basically, music therapy is a one-to-one therapy session but at some places, group sessions are also available.
Generally, the therapist lets the client choose the music but in this case, the therapist tells them the mode of the music. But in most cases, the therapist only chooses the music based on the client's present condition. Choosing music is the most important part of music therapy.
Now music therapy has two techniques active and receptive. In the inactive technique, a person generally makes music by singing, chanting, or playing some instruments and sometimes they even improvise the music. In the case of receptive technique, a person listens to music, analyzes the music, or responds to the music with some physical activity like a dance. At the starting of the therapy therapist generally uses both techniques to improve the patient's condition.
Based on research and articles music therapy can heal mental health and physical problems. Some of them are mentioned here:
- Restoring speech of an individual who suffered from a stroke.
- It deals with anxiety.
- Most effective in stress management.
- By receptive technique, physical pain can be improved.
- Increase concentration.
- It also helps an individual to improve their communication skill.
- Helps in mood disorder and mood swings.
- Improves analyzing skills.
- Make the individual more efficient in music.
- Gives stability to the patient
Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Stress:-
Many doctors and researchers have proved that music has the biggest role in health and stress. Many surgeons do listen to music after and before the surgery to relieve stress. Even music helps to relieve pain therefore in the USA doctors use music in pediatric clinics to reduce the pain of pediatric patients.
In research, it is proven that music increases the immunoglobulin A and killer cells which increase immunity. Music also can reduce the stress hormone which helps to control the stress.
Causes of Stress:-
The causes of stress vary from one person to another person. There is no common specific reason for stress. If anything is pushing you too much or you are thinking of an event that may not happen with you can cause stress. Parameters that cause stress are called stressors. These stressors vary from student to employee to older people. One common causes of stress are ????
- Retirement issue
- Mental stress
- Relationship problem
- Working pressure
- Fear of failure
- Health issues
- Death of loved ones
- Financial problem
Statistical Data of Music Therapy:-
Based on the data we collected from the American Musical Therapy Association in 2013, they treated almost 2.3 million people in 1 year.
Among 2.4 million people 20% of people were suffering from different types of mental problems like- behavioral disorder, eating disorder, stress, depression, anxiety, etc.
Almost 15% of people were developmentally disabled and almost 11% of people were having medical conditions like- cancer, AIDS, chronic pain, and surgical issues.
Most interestingly almost 10% of people who were affected by Alzheimer's disease and 6% people who were having Parkinson’s disease were also treated with ‘Music Therapy’.
And almost 38% of people who had some other issues, were also treated with ‘Music Therapy’.
Everything has limitations. Like the same way ‘Music Therapy’ also has some limitations.
- Per session of ‘Music Therapy’ is costly.
- Many people don’t have awareness about ‘music Therapy’.
- Very hard to find a music therapist and clinic.
- It requires an initial assessment report.
- Sometimes therapists are not trained properly.
(Disclaimer- the views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of MakeBetterLife.)